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Helena is a perennial of the daisy family, which adorns our gardens and terraces from July until the first frost.
Easy to grow, it is very decorative thanks to its unique flowering.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Helenium
Family : Asteraceae
Type : Perennial
Height : 50 to 120 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Ordinary
Flowering : June to November
Plantation of helenia
Helenia crashes ideally in spring because, although it will flower only in summer, it will be well rooted and will withstand the rigors of autumn and winter much better.
Well sunny and protected from the wind, helenia can flower until the first frosts.
- Setting up the young plants in the spring
- Favor an amended soil and well drained (not retaining water)
- Choose a location sunny in order to promote flowering.
- Water regularly after planting
Pruning, maintenance, watering of helenium
The helenium requires little care other than watering regularly if it isn't raining.
- Remove the faded flowers as you go, this helps the appearance of new flowers.
- Water when the soil is dry, especially for container use as chrysanthemums require moist soil to thrive.
- It is not necessary not wet the foliage to prevent the occurrence of diseases such as rust or powdery mildew.
- After the first frosts, when the flowers start to blacken, cut the stems low to the ground.
Every 2 to 3 years you can divide the tuft in spring or fall to regenerate the plant and restore vigor.
Common diseases in helenia
Elenia is quite resistant but sometimes subject to a few diseases and pests which are preventable, however, especially by avoiding wetting the foliage and by spacing each plant sufficiently so that they do not touch each other.
- Powdery mildew : a whitish film covers the leaves and stems
- Rust : pustules appear on the underside of the leaves
- Aphids : leaves curl and eventually fall.
To know about helenia
Native to North America where it is commonly found at the edge of swamps, helenias are known for their pink, red, orange and yellow hues.
They have the advantage of bloom in summer and relatively late, until the month of November or December, and thus come to decorate our gardens advantageously when flowers start to be scarce.
Hélénie has a great capacity of adaptation and will be as well in beds, in pots or in tubs but also to adorn a flower bed.
Among the most common varieties, we find helenium Bruno ’, helenium Waltraut’, helenium Goldrausch ’, helenium‘ Kanaria ’and Moerheim Beauty’.
If you are looking for yellow flowering helenias, you will choose ‘Pumilum Magnificum’, Pumilum Magnificum ’or Waltraut’
Smart tip about helenie
If you want to choose the color, buy them in a pot (container) when they start to flower and plant them in your garden.