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The banana (Musa Spienta) belongs to the Musaceae family. Native to South East Asia, the banana is present all year round. The banana tree is a herbaceous plant and not a tree, which can reach 9 to 12m high.
Bananas grow in sunny regions, especially in Guadeloupe, Martinique and the Canary Islands.
Cavendish is the most consumed banana by French people and athletes.
The plantin banana (Musa Paradisiaca), more exotic and less sweet, contains a lot of starch. It is considered a vegetable in Africa and is eaten cooked.
Bananas offer many preventive and therapeutic virtues.
Read also: how to grow bananas
The banana, for the record
The consumption of bananas dates back thousands of years. In the past, the trunk and its leaves were used for dressing, making tools and shelter.
500 years BC, the banana was considered by the Hindus to be a sacred fruit. It is a banana that Eve would have given to Adam, hence its name of "fruit of paradise".
Alexander the Great, for his part, would have forbidden his army to eat bananas, at the risk of "weighing down" his army.
Bananas have traveled a lot, to India, Africa, the Canary Islands. But it was only in the 19th century that bananas arrived on French shelves from the West Indies.
Bananas and their health benefits
Bananas are an excellent anti diarrhea. It is easily digested and regulates intestinal transit.
For digestive ailments, bananas soothe inflammation and burns in the digestive tract.
Bananas calm gastric acidity and also protect the lining of the stomach, thereby slowing down gastric ulcers.
Bananas are a real reservoir of energy. It provides 90kcal / 100g and 20g of carbohydrates. Athletes also appreciate it for its ability to limit cramps .
The banana has properties antioxidants. Thus it ensures cell renewal and reduces risk of cardiovascular disease, by lowering bad cholesterol.
When very ripe, bananas can be effective in cancer prevention by stimulating the activation of immune cells. Daily consumption of bananas may reduce the development of kidney cancer.
Bananas are recommended in case of anemia. Rich in iron, it stimulates the production of red blood cells (red blood cells) which carry oxygen in the blood.
"Have the banana": this expression takes on its full meaning. In fact, bananas contain an amino acid, tryptophan, a precursor of serotonin, the hormone of happiness. Bananas keep you in a good mood!
The high potassium content in bananas (411mg / 100g) lowers high blood pressure and therefore the risk of stroke. Potassium is also involved in the contraction of the heart muscle.
In children, it contributes to bone development and strengthening.
Banana peel helps in healing, in case of wounds, bites.
Bananas would be a good way to quit smoking. The B vitamins in bananas relieve the stress and anxiety that quitting smoking can cause.
Bananas in the kitchen
Bananas can be eaten plain, in a fruit salad, in a smoothie or even as a flambé.
The nutritional benefits of bananas:
90 kcal / 100g. Bananas provide starch, vitamins C and B, potassium, magnesium and iron.
As the glycemic index of bananas is 65, its consumption should not be excessive in people with diabetes.
> Gourmet ideas:
Barbecued in foil : Cut your banana lengthwise, put it in aluminum foil, add squares of chocolates. Place your papillote on the hot embers of your barbecue!
Plantain crisps : Cut your plantain into slices. Bathe the washers in hot oil. Season with salt and serve hot or cold as an aperitif.
Fruit puree: Use your damaged bananas by sautéing them in a saucepan with other damaged fruit (peaches and apricots go very well with bananas), a tablespoon of water, cinnamon, sweeten slightly. Do not cook, only reduce. Eat cold or hot, on a toast or in your fromage blanc.
> Banana beauty tips:
Against warts : Place a cut piece of banana peel on the wart. Put on a bandage. Your feet will thank you
Banana scrub: Mash a banana, add 2 tablespoons of sugar. Spread the mash on your face then rinse. The banana will hydrate your skin and the sugar will erase the dead skin.
For white teeth : Rub the inner part of the banana peel on your teeth.
The smart corner: External use:
Ink stains : Rub using the inside of the banana peel to remove ink stains from hands.
Soothing virtue: On the burned or itchy areas of mosquito bites rub with the turned over banana peel.
Bananas, a natural fertilizer
Banana peel is a perfect fertilizer. It releases elements and minerals essential for flowering. Bury the skin at the base of the plant.
The inner skin of bananas can also dust your indoor green plants.
Did you know ? : According to Caribbean legend, getting married under a banana tree is a bad sign. This predicts that the wife will be a bad mom and the husband will not be fulfilled.
The cultivation of bananas
The banana tree can be planted both indoors and outdoors, as well as in the ground.
However, it does not withstand winter temperatures very well. It is advisable to bring the pot indoors from October until May. If it is in the ground, protect it
Read also: how to grow bananas
Potted indoors, place it in a bright room without direct contact with the sun. Regularly misting water on the leaves is enough to water it.
Outside, plant your banana tree in the sun, from spring or summer. Water it every 2-3 days in case of hot weather. In winter moisten only when the soil is dry.
In both cases, lay out a layer of gravel before planting.