The culture of the scorsonere is practiced from the month of May, while the harvest can take place from autumn to winter.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Scorzonera hispanica
Family : Asteraceae
Type : Vegetable
Height : 30 to 90 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rather light, rich and well drained
Harvest : from October to March
Whether by seed or by planting, you will find that it will be quite easy for you to obtain superb scorsonera.
Sowing and planting scorsonera
The culture of the scorsonere is done either by sowing or by planting young plants.
The sowing of scorsonera:
This method of sowing scorsonera can be practiced by anyone, even beginners
- You will start at the end of winter, around March-April, directly in the ground
- Dig furrows 2 cm deep and space each row approximately 20 cm
- Cover the seeds with a layer of potting soil of about 1 to 2 cm to facilitate emergence
- As soon as the first leaves appear, thin out to about 10 cm
If you are buying scorsonera seedlings directly, plan to plant in the spring.
- Keep a distance of about 20 cm between each plant and 15 cm between each line so that they have room to develop.
- The situation must be sunny
Cultivation and maintenance of the scorsonera
The scorsonera is a perennial or biennial that requires little maintenance, if not to be watered regularly in case of strong heat.
- At thearrival of winter, cover the plants with mulching of dried leaves in order to facilitate lifting and protect from frost
- In the spring, turn the soil over, weed then bring compost to the base
Diseases and parasites of the scorsonera:
The scorsonera is a fairly easy to grow vegetable which is ultimately relatively unaffected by disease.
- However, you may suffer from invasions of slugs or caterpillars…
Harvest of scorsonere
We harvest the scorsonères ofOctober to April by simply pulling out the roots.
- Before the plant comes into bloom, cut the flower stalk
- The harvest is often more important with larger scorsoners during the 2nd year
- When pulling up, take care not to damage the roots, which are quite fragile
To know about the scorsonère
Whether it is the "Black Giant of Russia" variety, the most common here, or "Scorsonère d'Espagne", hispanica scorsonera, this root vegetable is not to be confused with salsify.
Often confused with the salsify, they are nevertheless 2 different plants. The scorsonere also has taste qualities more interesting.
We distinguish the scorsonera by its black root and its flowers are yellow from the salsif which has a white root and pink or blue flowers.
The scorsonere is rich in carbohydrate, in allantoin and in vitamin E, B and C. This makes this root a very interesting vegetable on the nutritional plan.
Smart tip about scorsonères
It is desirable to enrich the soil with compost before cultivation and to loosen the soil well.